JOINT COMMUNIQUE-CASTRO & SEKOU TOURE
Conakry PRELA in Spanish to PRELA Havana l3l8 GMT 8 May 72 C–F0R OFFICIAL
[Text] Conakry, 8 May–Following is the text of the joint communique signed by the prime minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, and the president of the
Republic of Guinea, Sekou Toure.
Joint Guinean-Cuban communique in connection with the official visit of Maj Fidel Castro, the first secretary of the party Central Committee and prime
minister of the Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Cuba:
Invited by comrade Ahmed Sekou Toure, secretary general of the Democratic Party of Guinea and president of the Republic of Guinea, Comrade Fidel
Castro, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and prime minister of the Revolutionary Government, visited this
country from 3 to 7 May 1972 at the head of a delegation made up of leaders of the party and government and high-ranking leaders of the military and mass organizations.
Comrade Fidel Castro and his entourage visited the regions of Kakan, Kissidougou, Faranah, Labe and Kindia, as well as the Jamal ‘Abd an Nasir Polytechnic Institute of Conakry. They participated in the inauguration of the school for training cadres of the [word indistinct] Kwame Nkrumah; they attended several artistic functions, including one by the National Balle of Guinea, and were given a massive welcome at the 28 September Stadium. The Cuban delegation was touched by the exceptional demonstrations of
friendship, affection and solidarity offered by the Guinean authorities and people and thanked them for this. A palpable human warmth stemming from a real awareness of the revolutionary struggle in Cuba characterized these demonstrations.
During his visit Comrade Fidel Castro was accompanied most of the time by President Ahmed Sekou Toure. A climate of fraternal friendship and
identification prevailed in the discussions between the two leaders who reviewed many topics. Outstanding among the topics discussed were the
peoples’ revolutionary struggles against imperialism and the exchange of mutual experiences and relations between the two countries. Concerning Guinean-Cuban relations, both leaders discussed in detail the different
ways to strengthen ties in all spheres. Important agreements were reached.
Present at the talks besides Comrades Fidel Castro and Sekou Toure were on the Guinean side: Beavogui Lansana, Toe Ismael, Keita Mamady, Moussa Diakite, Nfamara and Diane Lansana, members of the National Political Bureau; Diallo Mouctar Camara Damatang, and Cissoko Fily, members of the Central Committee, Senainon Behanzin, secretary of state for information; and Loua Fassou Rene, the Guinean ambassador in Cuba.
On the Cuban side: Maj Almeida Bosque, member of the Political Bureau; Maj Manuel Pineiro, Maj Arnaldo Ochoa, Maj Raul Menendez Tomassevich, Captain Osmani Cienfuegos, members of the party’s Central Committee, and Oscar Ornmas, the Cuban ambassador in Guinea.
The Cuban delegation emphasized the role played by the Guinean revolution–a real springboard in the revolutionary struggle of the peoples of Africa because of its unchanging position towards neocolonialism, colonialism, and imperialism–and condemned the aggressive maneuvers
against Guinea still being waged by Portugal and its NATO allies, To the leaders of the Democratic Party of Guinea, Maj Fidel Castro conveyed the Cuban peoples’ satisfaction over the Guinean peoples’ victory over the imperialist Portuguese and mercenary forces which invaded their territory in November of 1970 in cahoots with the espionage services of the Federal
German Republic, France, Great Britain and the United States. In less than 72 hours, the militia and the (?state) with the support of the armed people
made shreds of the mercenary expedition, supported by a fifth column and organized by the services for imperialist subversion. The Cuban delegation congratulated the people, the government and the Democratic Party of Guinea
on their victories, on the measures taken to strengthen and develop the popular militia, the peoples’ real stronghold for fighting counter-evolution and the [word indistinct] of imperialism and colonialism.
He learned about the new-plans of aggression against the Republic of Guinea, such as the training of mercenaries in Guinea-Bissau and was able
to conclude through direct contact with the Guinean people that they will struggle until final victory against any new aggression. The Guinean people
are firmly united, they have a well-oriented revolutionary leadership, organization, discipline and political awareness, all of which makes them
an undefeatable force, capable of defending with weapons in their hands their independence and dignity, making whatever sacrifices the threatened
fatherland may require.
Comrade Fidel Castro once more confirmed that Guinea can always count on the moral and material solidarity of the Cuban revolution under any
circumstances. The Cuban delegation praises the value of the patriotic and revolutionary traditions of the Guinean people who never submitted to
colonial domination and who, inspired by the fathers of the country, have said no to all attempts of choking off its independence or wrenching away its sovereignty.
President Ahmed Sekou Toure expressed his recognition of the vanguard role played by the Cuban revolution within the Latin American continent; of the progress made for its defense; its efforts at economic development; and the
example it represents for Latin American countries in being able to begin construction of socialism 90 miles from humanity’s most aggressive imperialist power; and for its implementation of a policy of solidarity and internationalism with all countries struggling against imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism. Comrade Ahmed Sekou Toure expressed his deep admiration for Cuba’s traditional struggle of more than 100 years, and
he pointed out that all-important significance of the revolutionary war, initiated with the Moncada barracks attack that made possible the birth of
the first socialist state in Latin America.
The parties and governments of Cuba and Guinea condemn the barbaric bombing of the DRV and the criminal genocidal war waged by the United States
against the heroic South Vietnamese people, and denounce the imperialist maneuvers through its Vietnamization policy to prolong the conflict and
avoid arriving at a real solution. They declare solidarity with the 7-point plan presented by the PRGRSV, which they consider a significant
contribution for solution of the conflict based on the respect for the legitimate rights of all countries in the exercise of their sovereignty and integrity regarding their national territory.
They join in the rejoicing of the Indochinese countries for the crushing and victorious offensive which they are currently waging against the
aggressive imperialist troops and their puppets and for the victories gained in the battlefields, and for their progress in the struggle, which is demonstrated by the demoralization, decadence and defeat of imperialism. They fully support the fin struggle by Cambodia and Laos against North
American imperialism, its allies and agents, and reiterate their support for the Lao Patriotic Front, the National United Front of Kampuchea and the
Revolutionary Government of the National Union of Kampuchea.
Both delegations express their solidarity with the Korean people in their yearning to reunite their fatherland without imperialist interference and
demand the discontinuance of all hostile and provocative attacks against the DPRK.
Both leaders reaffirm their (?unconditional) support of the African people’s national liberation movement against colonial domination. They
express their full support for those who are fighting for the African Independence Party of Portuguese Guinea and Cap Verde (PAIGC), which is
under the leadership of Comrade Amilcar Cabral. In Guinea-Bissau, these fighters are gaining ever-greater victories in the struggle for liberty and
complete independence. The two leaders also expressed their satisfaction over the success for the people of Guinea-Bissau represented in the
acknowledgement by the UN Committee for Decolonization of the barbarous crimes committed in Guinea-Bissua by Portuguese colonialism.
They also praised and supported the struggle of liberation movement in the Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique. The Cuban delegation praised the Guinea people for the brave, constant, and united support it gives to the heroic struggle of the PAIGC. Cuba and Guinea condemned the regimes of white racist minorities in South African and Rhodesia. With the support of NATO member countries, these regimes practice aprtheid in the countries where they rule. Cuba and Guinea also condemned South Africa’s and Rhodesia’s role as imperialsim’s allies in the protection of the unjust and illegal interests of colonialism and neocolonialism in the southern part of the African Continent. They rejected the South African racists’ oppression of the people of Namibia.
They also denounced the constant imperialist and colonialist aggression, especially as practiced by Portugal in collusion with South African and
Rhodesian racists against Tanzania, Zambia and the Congo because of these countries’ solidarity with the area’s liberation movements. This aggression seeks to curtail these countries’ independence. These actions constitute a grave threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of neighboring states and to peace on the African Continent.
During the exchange of ideas on the African situation, the leaders of both countries defended the legitimate right of each nation to recover its natural resources and to fully enjoy its national heritage. In view of imperialism’s attempts to perpetuate its domination and exploitation of African natural resources, it is necessary to promote the strongest possible unity among progressive and revolutionary governments, national liberation movements, and other progressive forces on the continent.
During its stay, the Cuban delegation had the opportunity to view the outstanding work carried out by the Democratic Party of Guinea in the
recovery of its people’s cultural values. The existence of a massive cultural movement with deep national roots and a profound revolutionary and internationalist content is a firm guarantee against the imperialists’ castration of the personalities of underdeveloped countries. In their
actions, songs and dances, men, women and children show a definite national personality and a strong refusal to accept ways of expressing themselves which have nothing to do with the reality of our peoples. The Cuban delegation considered that these efforts by the Guinean people to assert their national values are a true and exemplary contribution to the struggle of the Asian, African and Latin American peoples against imperialism. Maj Fidel Castro recalled that for centuries the peoples of Africa and Latin America have been united by a common destiny. Disregarding the hopes of these peoples, men have plundered their territories and exploited them in the most inhuman ways.
Africans were present at the first campaigns for the liberation of Cuba from the dying empire. Their influence `helped to form the Cuban nationality. This tradition of liberation, which deeply unites the men of African and America, is today gaining strength and becoming a reality through its common struggle and its resistance against imperialism, in which the brother peoples of Guinea and Cuba arc participating.
Maj Fidel Castro told the Guinean loaders of his decision to visit the democratic and popular Republic of Algeria, a bulwark of the African
revolution and one of the so-called third world countries. Viewing the Latin American scene, both parties agreed that the revolutionary situation which this continent is experiencing is plagued in most countries by increasingly strong repression of popular forces and by the restriction of the precarious bourgeois freedoms. In view of the exploiters’ aggression, it becomes just and necessary in the course of revolution for the masses to take up arms to conquer their rights. That continent is experiencing a growth and spread of revolutionary forces developing their urban and rural struggle to obtain absolute and definite independence and eliminate domination by imperialism and its oligarchies. Both delegations express their militant solidarity with this struggle and firmly condemn the aggressive policy of the United States toward the Latin American countries.
They declare their solidarity with the Popular Unity Government of Chile headed by Salvador Allende and their support for the nationalization measures adopted by Peru, and for Panama’s anti-imperialist struggle for the national sovereignty of its territory. Concerning the Middle East situation, they express their support for the struggle by the Palestine people for their legitimate rights and for the other Arab countries for the retrieval of their lands seized by Israel. They condemn the policy of illegal occupation of Arab territories and demand immediate withdrawal from them of Israeli troops. They denounce the political, military and financial support granted by the imperialist countries to the Zionist invader.
They appraised the growing power of the socialist countries as an important contribution for the African, Asian and Latin American countries in their struggle to achieve independence and economic development. Both sides point to the everlasting and unforgettable image of Maj Ernesto Che Guevara as an example of internationalist attitude and behavior, and they pay him great tribute on behalf of all world revolutionary fighters. They also express their admiration for the African fighters and strugglers who in the course of history have fallen defending their fatherland, of which Patrice Lumumba and Kwame Nkrumah are shining and eloquent examples.
Analyzing the struggle by the peoples against imperialism, Cuba and Guinea declare that there is no force in the world capable of defeating a nation which decides to forge its own destiny. All the fatalistic theories concerning the invincible strength of the imperialists have shattered against the people’s resolution. Guinea in Africa and Cuba in Latin America so demonstrate by having victoriously withstood the continuous Imperialist attacks. Vietnam demonstrates this each day, delivering crushing blows against the most powerful aggressive machinery ever known by mankind. The era of the international gendarme comes to its end. Today we live the people’s hour.
Cuba and Guinea proclaim that there is an increasing need for the revolutionary forces of Asia, and Latin America–the continents which arc suffering to the same degree from economic underdevelopment, cultural backwardness, discrimination, exploitation and aggression from the imperialists–to close ranks in their struggle. The exchange of experiences and the militant solidarity between our people will hasten the end of imperialism, and contribute significantly to the final victory of the revolution cause throughout the world. To this end, our two countries commit themselves to developing and consolidating all practical forms of cooperation between their parties, governments and labor unions and youth, women’s and other mass organizations in order to make the unity of action of the revolutionaries of both countries more effective.
Comrade Fidel Castro expressed the affection and unity which the people, the Revolutionary Government, and the Communist Party of Cuba feel for the people, the party and Government of the Republic of Guinea and for its leader, comrade Ahmed Sekou Toure, and for his outstanding participation in the anti-imperialist struggle in Africa and throughout the world.
President Ahmed Sekou Toure thanked Maj Fidel Castro for his visit, which is an exceptional contribution to the revolution in Guinea and throughout Africa, and to the strengthening of ties of militant solidarity between the peoples of Africa and Latin America. Prime Minister Fidel Castro expressed his warm appreciation to the party, government and people of Guinea for their fraternal welcome, and invited the president of the Republic of Guinea to visit Cuba. The invitation was accepted, and the date will be decided upon at the proper time.
Conakry, 8 May 1972
[Signed] Ahmed Sekou Toure, secretary general of the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG), and president of the Republic of Guinea.
Maj Fidel Castro, first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), and prime minister of the Revolutionary Government.
Sékou Touré: Guinea’s Fidel Castro, and His Connection to the Political Thought of Mali’s Modibo Keita
Although once a French colony, Guinea never embraced French cultural values to the same degree as the Ivory Coast and Senegal. Particularly after independence in 1958, it rigorously maintained a zealous attachment to its historic African and Islamic traditions. In large part this was a concerted and deliberate design. Guinean nationalists viewed the colonial relationship with France, which had begun in 1889, as synthetic, and, according to L. Gray Cowan, a specialist in Guinean studies, they consequently “determined to reassert those values which were peculiarly African [and Islamic] and upon which the structure of African society rested.”1 Hence, Sékou Touré, upon becoming Guinea’s first president in 1958, “reiterated his view that exploitation by the colonial regimes resulted not only in robbing Africa of its resources but in destroying the basic values of African society. The changes which the colonial system brought about in African traditional life undermined the network of mutual obligations which created communal solidarity.