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Harriet Tubman Was a Maroon , The Great Dismal Swamp Underground RailRoad

6th of December 1849 New Afrikan General Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in Maryland she returned to free her family and in the summer She returned to the South nineteen times and brought out more than three hundred to a thousand Enslaved Afrikans

Haitian Maroons established a nation in 1804, and maroons in Suriname gained sovereign status in the 1800s after attacking nearby plantations.

While the American maroons never succeeded in claiming freedom for themselves in that way, there are commonalities with other refugees around the world, such as establishing a resistance community in thick jungles, rugged terrains, and difficult surroundings. “This project is fitting into that global view,” Sayers says. “But in North America, there’s not as much discussion of maroons. You talk about runaways, but it’s fragmented.” For instance, the Underground Railroad was a maroon movement, but is often considered apart from these other maroon efforts. It’s both glorified and separated. Sayers asserts that this is because of the involvement of benevolent white people. “We need to start thinking of processes such as the Underground Railroad as part of this global marronage,” he says. Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Tubman should be considered key maroon figures. As a step in connecting them, the Dismal became the first National Wildlife Refuge to be officially designated a link in the “Underground Railroad Network to Freedom” in 2003.

“The Underground Railroad is lauded, while maroons remain nameless fugitives,” Sayers says. “In the traditional view, it’s the flight that’s important, not the lives that maroons led after flight.”

The Underground Railroad spanned 29 states, as well as Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Its “railways” were back roads, swamps, caves, forests, rivers and streams. It is believed that as many as 100,000 enslaved persons may have escaped in the years between the American Revolution and the Civil War, using this network of aid and assistance.

The Underground Railroad was neither a tunnel underground nor was it a railroad. It was, however, an escape network of courageous non-government rebels assisting fugitives from slavery. The network also provided an opportunity for anti-slave white Americans to take a stand and play an important role in undermining the industry called slavery.

Before the railroad

Most African-American slaves resisted enslavement at some point in their lives. Prior to the Underground Railroad’s development, slaves had attempted, on numerous occasions, to find a better way of life. They used any means necessary to rebel against the inhumane system of slavery. Many individuals resorted to work slowdowns, sickness, sabotage, self-mutilation, and even the destruction of property.

Running away also was common for owned individuals to attempt. In fact, slaves had been escaping their masters and creating some of the earliest known paths of the Underground Railroad during the late 18th century. Called maroons, those runaways formed their own secret communities throughout Virginia’s Great Dismal Swamp, and even as far south as in the Florida Everglades among the Seminole Indians.

Small revolutions also took place prior to the official formation of the railroad. One major uprising, called “Turner’s Rebellion,” occurred in Southampton County, Virginia, 1831. Led by enslaved preacher Nat Turner, a group of 70 slaves murdered some 50 whites — men, women, and children. In retaliation, many whites slaughtered not only the persons responsible (including Turner), but hundreds of other innocent blacks.

Haki Kweli Shakur August Third Collective NAPLA NAIM 11-6-51ADM 16

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