1848____REV. HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET, ADDRESS TO THE FEMALE BENEVOLENT SOCIETY OF TROY, NEW YORK, 14 FEBRUARY 1848, Excerpts.
In his address Rev. Garnet emphasizes the multiracial identity of America. Later that year his address was published as The Past and the Present Condition, and the Destiny, of the Colored Race.There are those who, either from good or evil motives, plead for the utopian plan of the Colonization of a whole race to the
shores of Africa. We are now colonized. We are planted here; and we cannot as a whole people, be re-colonized back to our fatherland. It is too late to make a successful attempt to separate the black and white people in the New World. They love one another too much to endure a separation. Where one is there will the other be also. We must also cherish and maintain a national and patriotic sentiment and attachment. Some people of color say that they have no home, no country. I am not among that number. It is empty declamation. It is unwise. It is not logical — it is false. Of all the people in this wide earth, among the countless hordes of misery, there is not one so poor as to be without a home and a country. America is my home, my country, and I have no other. I love whatever of good there may be in her institutions. I hate her sins. I loathe her slavery, and I pray Heaven that ere long she may wash away her guilt in tears of repentance. I love the green-hills which my eyes first beheld in my infancy. I love every inch of soil which my feet pressed in my youth, and I mourn because the accursed shade of slavery rests upon it. I love my country’s flag, and I hope that soon it will be cleansed of its stains, and be hailed by all nations as the emblem of freedom and independence.
Henry Highland Garnet Changes His Mind and Ideology and Pushes For Black Nationalism , Emigration , And a New Afrikan /Black Nation on U.S. Soil.
1849____REV. HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET, ON INDEPENDENT LIBERIA, NORTH STAR, 2 MARCH 1849, Excerpt. Garnet changed his position on emigration when Liberia was granted independence in 1848. New York Public Library Henry Highland Garnet Henry Bibb You demand an explanation of the change which has taken place in my mind in reference to the American Colonization scheme. My opinion of the Colonizationists has undergone no change. But new developments have been in relation to the descendants of once glorious but now fallen Africa and these have changed my mind.
1. I believe that the Republic of Liberia will be highly beneficial to Africa.
2. I believe that the new Republic will succeed ⎯ and that its success will curtail the slave
trade on the coast.
3. I believe that every political and commercial relationship which President Roberts negotiates
with European powers goes far to create respect for our race throughout the civilized world.
4. I believe that every colored man who believes that he can never grow to the stature of a man
in this country ought to go there immediately, if he desires. I am in favor of colonization in
any part of the United States, Mexico or California, or in the West Indies or Africa, wherever it promises freedom and enfranchisement. In a word, we ought to go anywhere where we can better our condition.
Henry Highland Garnett was very militant , and as early as 1843 was calling for slaves to rise up against make themselves free. violence done by slaves in the act of freeing themselves was justified on the grounds of self defense.
Henry Highland Garnet
The American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society “was committed to political abolitionism and to male leadership at the top levels.”
By 1849 Garnet began to support emigration of blacks to Mexico, Liberia, or the West Indies, where he thought they would have more opportunities. In support of this, he founded the African Civilization Society. Similar to the British African Aid society, it sought to establish a West African colony in Yoruba (present-day Nigeria). Garnet advocated a kind of black nationalism in the United States, which included establishing separate sections of the nation to be black colonies.
In 1850, he went to Great Britain at the invitation of the Free Labor Movement, which opposed slavery by rejecting the use of products produced by slave labor. He was a popular lecturer, and spent two and a half years lecturing. In 1852 Garnet was sent to Kingston, Jamaica, as a missionary. He spent three years there, until his health forced him back to the United States.
When the American Civil War started, Garnet’s hopes ended for emigration as a solution for American blacks. He worked to found black army units to aid the Union cause. In the three-day New York draft riots of July 1863, mobs attacked blacks and black-owned buildings. Garnet and his family escaped attack when his daughter quickly chopped their nameplate off their door before the mobs found them.
When the federal government approved creating black units, Garnet helped with recruiting United States Colored Troops. He moved with his family to Washington, DC so that he could support the black soldiers and the war effort. He preached to many of them while serving as pastor of the Liberty (Fifteenth) Street Presbyterian Church from 1864 until 1866 During this time, he was the first black minister to preach to the House of Representatives, addressing them on ending slavery.
The Struggle iz For Land PT II – Haki Shakur
Haki Kweli Shakur August Third Collective NAPLA NAIM 11-23-51ADM