img_0588img_3929img_3931img_3933img_3932img_3930img_3928White Women Middle Class Women Have to Look at Their Problem and it is Their Husbands, He is The Oppressor Because He is The System, It’s a White Male System ”  – Dara Abubakari

” Over 80% Percent of Black People’s Land Has Been Stolen By The U.S. Government In The Past 30 Years Alone ” – Dara Abubakari ( War in America : The Struggle to Free The Land Forum ) November 9 1979


It was when I was nineteen that I met my first reparations advocates. There names were Queen Mother (Audley E.) Moore and RNA President Dara Abubakari (Virginia Collins). I met them in New Orleans and they both stressed that New Afrikans were owed double reparations. Sister Dara made it plain to me and many others that the U.S. government needed to repair what it did to our ancestors through the slavery and neo-slavery (Jim Crow) regimes, but on the African continent as well the governments there needed to make things right with us by providing citizenship and access to land to those of us who opt to return home. She started my investigation of Gates’s “untidy problem of the significant role that Africans played in the trade.” No reparations advocate that I’ve known promoted a “romanticized version” of the slave trade that has tried to hide Africa’s part in the institution of slavery – Shabazz

Audley Moore and Dara Abubakari were lifelong theorists and activists who were committed to Pan-African organizing and black nation-building initiatives. Both born in Louisiana, Moore and Abubakari developed their political critique and honed their activism amid organizations like the Universal Negro Improvement Association, the Communist Party, and the Universal Association of Ethiopian Women during the first half of the twentieth century. In the 1960s and 1970s, Moore and Abubakari became leaders and mentors in organizations like the Republic of New Africa and the Revolutionary Action Movement, ensuring that their activism and Pan-African political vision influenced the next generation of activists. This article examines their activist lives and argues that they were key figures in sustaining and propelling Pan-African formulations and communities at the grassroots level. In excavating the histories and activism of these two understudied women, this article reshapes the political and intellectual trajectory of Pan-African organizing and specifies the ways in which African American women forged diasporic relationships and communities!

In 1955, Queen Mother Audley Moore started her reparations advocacy with a pamphlet entitled “Why Reparations? Money for Negroes”. In 1962 Queen Mother Moore and Dara Abubakari started the organization Reparation Committee of Descendants of United States Slaves, Inc. with the mission to educate the grassroots community about reparations and mobilize for reparations from the United States federal government.