New Afrikan Ancestry Caromantees [Ashanti/Fantee] Revolt in New York; seized guns, swords and hatchets and began setting fires and killing slavemasters. Kwako, one of the leaders, and twenty others were broken on the whell and burnt at a slow fire.
It was a bloody chapter in New York’s early history.
On the night of April 7, 1712, 23 black slaves met in an orchard on Maiden Lane in Manhattan. They had hatchets, guns and knives, and, according to historian Edward Ellis, they believed that “by launching a dramatic revolt, they [would] incite other slaves and massacre all the white people in town.”
Conditions for the slaves of this city were wretched. They were beaten and starved. Many lived under the most primitive conditions. The meeting on Maiden Lane was the culmination of years of hardship.
The assembled slaves torched several houses of white landowners. Then they turned on the white people who came rushing out of their homes, They shot and killed nine of the white slave holders.
The English governor summoned soldiers and the militia to put down the revolt. The surviving 17 slaves were tried and convicted, tortured and executed.
Seventy blacks were arrested and put in jail. Six are reported to have committed suicide. Twenty-seven were put on trial, 21 of whom were convicted and sentenced to death. Twenty were burned to death and one was executed on a breaking wheel. This was a form of punishment no longer used on whites at the time. The severity of punishment was in reaction to white slaveowners’ fear of insurrection by slaves.
After the revolt, laws governing the lives of black and Indian slaves in colonial New York were made more restrictive. Slaves were not permitted to gather in groups of more than three, they were not permitted to carry firearms, and gambling was outlawed. Other crimes, such as property damage, rape, and conspiracy to kill, were made punishable by death. Free blacks were still allowed to own land, however. The land of freed black family of Anthony Portuguese (alternate spelling is Portugies), that makes up a portion of present-day Washington Square Park, remained in the hands of his daughter and grandchildren, Slave owners who decided to free their slaves were required to pay a tax of £200, a price much higher than the price of a slave.
Haki Kweli Shakur August Third Collective NAIM/NAPLA APRIL 7Th 52ADM