Maggie L Walker Her Support For Marcus Garvey & The U.N.I.A (Garveyism & Virginia Legacy ) Richmond Virginia Native Maggie L Walker Was a Known Supporter of The U.N.I.A. and Marcus Garvey Maggie L Walker The First Woman of any Race to Open and Charter a Bank in The U.S. a mighty feet for a Black Woman in The Slave Holding South. Marcus Garvey and The U.N.I.A has heavy ties to Richmond & Virginia in Totality he spoke here several times including Richmond!
Marcus Garvey (1887-1940) that aimed to liberate Africa from European rule and unite peoples of African descent — and, more broadly all people of color — in the struggle against global white supremacy. Garveyites developed a practice of mass-based, grassroots, liberationist politics that offers important lessons for students and advocates of social justice today,” said Ewing, author of “The Age of Garvey,” which won the 2015 Stuart L. Bernath Book Prize, awarded by the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, The black freedom struggle is often understood in the United States as an American phenomenon,” he said. “The Garvey movement is a reminder of — and exceptional example of — the black freedom struggle’s global reach.”
Garveyism, he added, has deep roots in Virginia, where the Universal Negro Improvement Association, a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Garvey, once operated nearly 50 divisions.
“[Richmond’s] Maggie Lena Walker hung a large photograph of Marcus Garvey in her study, alongside a framed copy of Garvey’s well-known essay, ‘African Fundamentalism,’” he said. “Divisions of the UNIA still operate in Richmond and in Washington, D.C.”
Anniversary Birth … Maggie Lena Walker (1864–1934) of Richmond, Virginia, first black woman to form a bank in the United States
In 1902, she established a newspaper for the organization, The St. Luke Herald. Shortly thereafter, she chartered the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank. Mrs. Walker served as the bank’s first president, which earned her the recognition of being the first black woman to charter a bank in the United States. Later she agreed to serve as chairman of the board of directors when the bank merged with two other Richmond banks to become The Consolidated Bank and Trust Company, which grew to serve generations of Richmonders as an African-American owned institution.
Mrs. Walker to manage a large household. Her work and investments kept the family comfortably situated. When her sons married they brought their wives to 110 1 ⁄ 2 East Leigh Street, her home in Richmond’s Jackson Ward district, the center of Richmond’s African-American business and social life around the start of the 20th century.
Walker received an honorary Master’s degree from Virginia Union University in 1923, and was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2002. #MaggieLWalkerDay #TheBlackWallSt #JacksonWard #BlackMecca #HarlemofTheSouth #RVA #RichmondVirginia #1stBlackWomanwithaBank Jackson Ward(Harlem of The South Black Wall St RVA), Black Town Boley -Haki Kweli Shakur
UNIA – Universal Negro Improvement Association History in Virginia
Liberty University is probably one of the least known aspects of the movement for the redemption of Africa. The Universal Negro Improvement Association, founded by Marcus Garvey, was sought out to purchase the school. Located in Claremont, Surrey, Virginia on the south shore of the James River, the school was originally founded by John Jefferson Smallwood, the grandson of Nat Turner
The UNIA was approached by the board of trustees of the Smallwood-Corey Industrial Institute after Smallwood’s premature death. The Smallwood-Corey Institute was acquired by the UNIA for $7,300 on June 19, 1926 with UNIA acting President-General Frederick Augustus Toote as trustee. For that sum the UNIA received the property itself, including twelve buildings along with assumption of the institute’s debts of merely $53,000. Among the school’s facilities were:
Three halls named Bagley, Sawyer and Lincoln
Cottages named Mayflower, Sunnyside and Roslyn (aka Roseland)
two sheds, a barn, power house, pump house, and pavillion
The main building on the school’s campus, itself estimated to be worth $100,000 was renamed Garvey Hall. Overall the property was appraised at $250,000.
The renamed Liberty University began its first year of operation on September 15, 1926.
Its first commencement exercises were conducted on Sunday, May 29, 1927. The ceremonies spanned several days. Events commemorating the occasion included “a oratorical contest, a play, an alumni dinner, and an alumni meeting.
Eventually, the property was sold. It is currently not occupied by the university. The image above demonstrates the layout and buildings at the time of purchase. This site is also notable for being the place where the second cargo of Africans brought to America in 1622. With it’s takeover by the UNIA the “John Hay Wharf,” previously known as “Old Claremont Wharf” the landing site for newly arrived Africans in the USA could now be the launching point for Africans working to bring into existence a redeemed, renewed and revitalized Africa.