Excerpts from: Where Have All the Indians Gone? Native American Eastern Seaboard Dispersal, Genealogy and DNA in Relation to Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony of Roanoke.
The following families are found in the very early records, therein identified as Indian and also bearing the surnames of colonists. The surnames bolded appear very early in records along the coastline associated with various coastal tribes, including the Hatteras, Mattamuskeet, Chowan and others. Non-bolded names are also proven Native, but may be later among the Lumbee in Robeson and neighboring counties. Payne, while a good candidate for being a Lost Colonist family has never been found in a record indicating they were Native. However, recent DNA matches between the Payne and Berry family are undergoing additional genealogical scrutiny and DNA testing.
Chavis, Chavous, Cheven on roster
Of course, there is no guarantee that the above group would retain both their surname and the DNA originally associated with that surname particularly in a matrilineal culture, but to date, these are the only names that are both on the colonist list and have proven Native heritage82. Of course, the other half of this equation is finding the correct English (or Welsh or Irish or Scottish) families to test to see if the DNA matches, and that is another aspect of the Lost Colony project altogether.
The Afrikan Slave Rebellion of 1842 November inside Cherokee Nation – Haki Kweli Shakur
82 Records extracted from Roberta Estes’ data base entitled “Families of Interest Index” containing over 6500 records
The Lost Colony Genealogy and DNA Research Group project has focused in five areas.
1. The first focus area is to narrow the search to a group of surnames that are the most promising. Those surnames are derived from two sources previously discussed in this paper. The first group is the surnames which are colonist surnames and proven to be Native. The second group is the list of Outer Banks and coastal surnames. Two additional surnames are Payne and Dare. The combined list is as follows:
Carawan, Carroon, Carrow
Chavis, Chavous, Cheven
Underscored surnames above are surnames that are proven to be native at an early date in the Outer Banks coastal NC area
Surnames without an underscore are also proven native (except for Payne and Dare), but are proven native at a later date, typically in conjunction with the Lumbee
Surnames in bold are lost colonist surnames
Given the analysis, the most promising surnames for research and DNA testing are those that are both proven to be Native in the early records in the Outer Banks areas and who are also colonist surnames. This group consists of Allen, Bennett, Berry, Gibbs, Harris, Hewett, Jones, Scott and Smith.
2. The second focus area is to research the appropriate North Carolina county and other early records for all references to the above surnames.
3. The third focus area is to begin English research on the colonist surnames, shown in bold above. Fortunately the Lost Colony project has recently obtained a liaison in England who is facilitating limited research.
4. The fourth focus area is to continue to work with surname administrators to attract appropriate participants and to work with those participants on their genealogy.
5. The fifth focus area is to collect family histories of candidate families from Eastern North Carolina working with local genealogy groups and individual families. There is still a great deal to be learned.
Each year the Lost Colony DNA Project‟s research goals are reevaluated and efforts are refocused appropriately.
Where Have All the Indians Gone? Native American Eastern Seaboard Dispersal, Genealogy and DNA in Relation to Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony of Roanoke.
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